Using Loggers in Java Applications

In order to add logging features to your applications, you can use apache log4j API

 

You need 3 things

1)      have access to log4j  jar file

2)      have a properties file that will act as a configuration environment for the logging process

3)      write the appropriate Java code

 

 

here is more details using the Oracle Jdeveloper IDE

  

Download log4j1.3.jar from http://logging.apache.org

 

Put the log4j.jar in the classpath, or add it to the Jdeveloper project as shown

 

 

 

You need to specify where the properties file is located, otherwise logging will fail

As an example, I have create a properties file and called it  log4j.properties and added placed the file at C:\  

 

You can use the project properties dialogue to define the location of the Properties file

Invoke project properties Run/Debug  Edit the default setting and add the Java option shown below

 

-Dlog4j.configuration = file:c:/log.properties

 

 

 

 

The following is a sample properties file in which  the logging output is specified (log4j.appender.R.File=C:\x.log)

 

 

Log.properties

 

 

log4j.rootLogger=INFO, R

# first appender writes to a file

log4j.appender.R=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender

 

#RollingFileAppender OPTIONS

log4j.appender.R.Threshold=INFO

log4j.appender.R.ImmediateFlush=true

log4j.appender.R.File=C:\x.log

log4j.appender.R.MaxFileSize=6000KB

log4j.appender.R.MaxBackupIndex=2

 

 

#log4j.debug=true

#log4j.disable=fatal

 

# Pattern to output the caller's file name and line number.

log4j.appender.R.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout

log4j.appender.R.layout.ConversionPattern=%p %c %d{dd/MM/yyyy HH:mm:ss} - %m%n

#log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%5p [%t] (%F:%L) - %m%n

#log4j.appender.R.layout.ConversionPattern=%p %t %c - %m%n

 

 

 

Finally, this is an example code

 

 

package model;

 

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;

 

public class Class1 {

    public Class1() {

        Logger log = Logger.getLogger(Class1.class.getName());

        log.warn("hello warning");

       

    }

 

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Class1 class1 = new Class1();

    }

}

 

Note:  the (Class1.class.getName())  retrieves the name of the current class that is being executes.  Every logging message entry will have this variable printed so that the users can know which class was responsible for this entry.. off course, if you choose to use a string value instead, that strng value shall appear in each logging entry.